Let’s skip ahead to our own time. How would you assess the state of science in the Islamic world today?
It’s abysmal by all kinds of measures: how many books and publications are written or translated in the Muslim world; how many patents come from Muslim inventors; how Muslim students are performing in the international arena. By all these measures, the Muslim world is way, way down. Surveys by the UN Development Program and the World Bank place the Muslim world somewhere below sub-Saharan Africa.
This is a huge percentage of the world’s population.
We’re talking about roughly one-fifth of the world’s population – 1.2 billion people out of six billion. These 20 percent produce slightly more than 1 percent of the intellectual production of the world. This is heartbreaking. This is crushing. But that’s the situation right now